The official name of our country is the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, formerly known Burma. It is famous for millions of pagodas which are coated or painted with gold. Gold is the highly valued mental of the people and so the country is nicknamed as the “Golden Land.” Walking and driving along the streets, you can immediately tell why Myanmar is called the Golden Land.
It is situated in the region of Southeast Asia and is sharing boundaries with China in the North and Northeast, with Laos and Thailand in the East and Southeast, the Andaman Sea and the Sea of Bengal in the South, and with Bangladesh and India in the West.
Myanmar is rich with religious monuments and landmarks, colorful and interesting history, scenic and unexploited natural resources, beautiful beaches, hidden archaeological sites, and snow-capped mountains. It is full of cultural resources and has a vast diversity of people groups. The unique things about Myanmar are its unspoiled natural scenery and cultural diversity. It is an ideal place to explore archaeological artifacts, geographical features including flora and fauna.
Myanmar is also rich with different cultural and historical heritages, such as the mysterious Golden Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon, the last Myanmar Kingdom's Palace in Mandalay, Asia's most treasured archaeological site in Bagan with thousands of ancient temples, the hidden and unspoiled ancient city of Myauk-U, Inle Lake and their traditional kayaking, and the blue water and white sandy beaches of Ngapali & Chaung Tha.
Even though Myanmar has numerous attractive tourist places, most of the visitors agree that the most attractive thing about Myanmar is the gracious smiles of the local people, and their hospitality and friendliness.
Since Myanmar has opened its door for globalization, it is becoming the fastest as well as the most visited destination in the world. It is because of its unique beauty and diversity of the people.
The Name "Myanmar" represents all the tribes who are inhabiting the whole vast territory of this country. There are eight major racial groups, comprising over 135 different tribes with different languages and cultures. The eight major people groups are Kachin, Chin, Bamar, Shan, Mon, Kayin, Kaya and Rakhine. There are also other races such as Indian and Chinese etc. These diversity of people have different cultures and traditions. Its population is around fifty-two million who reside in the seven states and the seven regions in the country. The majority of people in the country are the Bamar (68%), the Shan (10%), Kayin (7%), Rakhine (4%) and the rest.
The dominate religions in the country are Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and Animism. The people of Myanmar are religious in believing and observing their beliefs. The crime rate in Myanmar is generally low; almost none of the cases involve harms to Foreigners, which makes Myanmar one of the safest countries in the world for tourists.
The Republic of the Union of Myanmar is the largest country in the Southeast Asian Region by land mass which occupies an area of over 670,000 sq. km. Myanmar is located and majorly bordered by China and India. The Land of Myanmar stretches from the Himalaya mountain ranges in the north down to the delta area and the Islands of the Andaman Sea in the south, thus providing a varied topology which includes islands, river valleys, delta rice plains, hills and beautiful mountains. The highest snow-capped mountains are located in far north regions and include the famous Hkakabo Razi mountain at 5800 metres. Major mountain ranges are the Western Yoma, Bago Yoma, Rakhine Yoma, and Shan Plateau. Mountain ranges divide three major freshwater rivers which flow down parallel into the Indian Ocean. These are the Irrawaddy River (the longest), the Salween River (deep and narrow), and the Sittaung River (from Taungoo to Mawlamyine). The Irrawaddy River is used for major inland river transportations and also is highly recommended for tourists to enjoy the views of rich natural riverbanks. The central region of Myanmar is covered mostly with freshwater rivers and green tress and plantations.
Though Yangon is the largest economic and commercial capital city and known to be the capital city, but recently Nay Pyi Taw has been chosen and developed to become the national administrative capital of the country.
Agriculture is the major source of income for the country of Myanmar. It is estimated that there are 70% percent of workforce are involving in growing crops.
Myanmar was a major rice exporter before Second World War. Since the 1990s, it was gradually developing into an industrial country. Today, the country gains it's major income from export industry through forestry and wood products, and energy and mining industries.
After political reform in 2011, Myanmar received much attention from international investors, and it promulgated economic laws, such as the Central Bank of Myanmar Law, Financial Institutions of Myanmar Law, and the Myanmar Tourism Law. Myanmar is using a market-oriented economic system, and promotes the role of the private sector and foreign direct investment. Because of its rich natural resources such as jade, ruby, petroleum, timber, coal, neutral gas and lots of minerals deposits, Myanmar is looking forward to the approval of new Foreign Investment Laws.